Dog Positive Training is a frequently used term, but many owners don’t understand its true meaning. Here are four training methods described so you can easily identify them when used by a trainer.
1. Positive Reinforcement
Give a dog something it likes to increase a behavior.
Example: A dog sits when told to do so, then you reward him. In the future the dog is more likely to sit when instructed to do so.
2. Negative Reinforcement
Remove something a dog dislikes to increase a behavior.
Example: A dog does not sit when told, you tighten his collar only releasing the pressure once he sits. The dog is more likely to sit when told to do so in the future.
3. Positive Punishment
Add something the dog does not like to decrease a behavior.
Example: A dog jumps up. You then squirt him with a blast of water. The dog jumps down. In the future the dog is less likely to jump on you.
4. Negative Punishment
Take away something the dog likes to decrease a behavior.
Example: A puppy nips during play. You then end the play session. The puppy is less likely to nip in the future.
You should now have a basic understanding of some of the terms frequently used to describe dog training methods including the concept of “positive” training techniques.